12 Types Of Timber Balustrade Available In Australia
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Discover a Dozen Striking Timber Balustrade Styles & Materials in Australia

Timber balustrades have come a long way from being a purely functional safety feature to becoming an elegant design element in modern architecture. The use of timber balustrades has become increasingly popular in Australia as they not only add warmth and character to a space, but they are also a sustainable and renewable material option.

With a wide range of timbers and designs to choose from, selecting the ideal timber balustrade for a home or commercial space can be a daunting task. In this article, we will explore the 12 different types of timber balustrades available in Australia, providing an overview of their features and benefits.

Whether seeking a balustrade for an external or internal staircase, selecting the right timber and design is crucial. It is essential to consider the style, durability, and maintenance requirements when choosing a timber balustrade. The balustrade must complement the overall design of the space while providing the necessary safety features.

With so many options available, it can be challenging to determine which timber balustrade is the perfect fit for your space. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to the 12 types of timber balustrades available in Australia, offering insight into the various designs and timbers that suit the different requirements of both commercial and residential settings.

12 Types Of Timber Balustrade Available In Australia 61

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Introduction

The selection of the appropriate timber for balustrades is a crucial aspect of constructing an aesthetically pleasing and durable staircase. The right choice of timber can enhance the overall look of the staircase while also ensuring its longevity.

With a range of timber options available in Australia, it is essential to consider the qualities and characteristics of each type to make an informed decision.

Importance of selecting the right type of timber for balustrades

Choosing the appropriate timber for a balustrade is crucial to ensure its durability, longevity, and aesthetic appeal, as well as to comply with safety regulations and building codes. The type of timber used for a wooden balustrade will determine its overall strength and resistance to wear and tear.

Hardwoods are a popular choice for balustrades due to their durability and natural resistance to rot, decay, and insect damage. Some of the most commonly used hardwoods for balustrades include jarrah, spotted gum, blackbutt, and ironbark. These woods are known for their strength, density, and natural beauty, making them an ideal choice for both interior and exterior balustrades.

When selecting timber for a balustrade, it’s also important to consider the design and style of the baluster. The grain, color, and texture of the wood can have a significant impact on the final look of the balustrade. Additionally, the type of finish applied to the timber can help to protect it from the elements and enhance its natural beauty.

Whether you’re looking for a rustic, traditional, or modern look, choosing the right type of timber for your balustrade can make all the difference in the final outcome. With a wide range of options available, it’s important to do your research and consult with a professional to ensure that you select the best timber for your specific needs and preferences.

12 Types of Timber Balustrade in Australia

The use of timber balustrades in Australia is popular due to their natural beauty, durability, and versatility.

Cedar, hemlock, mahogany, pine, Merbau, spotted gum, jarrah, ironbark, blackbutt, brush box, grey ironbark, and tallowwood are amongst the most commonly used timber species for balustrades.

Each timber species has unique characteristics and properties that make them suitable for different design styles and environments.

Cedar Balustrade

Cedar is a popular option for those seeking a natural and visually appealing material for their home’s balustrade. This type of timber is known for its durability and resistance to moisture, making it an ideal choice for outdoor applications such as timber deck balustrades and external timber balustrades.

Cedar is also easy to work with, making it a preferred choice for timber balustrade panels and timber batten balustrades. Cedar is a versatile material that can be used in a variety of designs and styles for timber stair balustrades.

It can be left untreated to age gracefully and develop a beautiful silver-gray patina, or it can be stained or painted to match the overall aesthetic of the home. Cedar also has a distinct aroma that adds to the overall appeal of the balustrade.

With its natural beauty and durability, cedar is a great choice for homeowners who want a low-maintenance and visually stunning timber balustrade.

Hemlock Balustrade

Hemlock, a popular option for residential and commercial construction in North America, is known for its strength and affordability, with over 4 million board feet of hemlock harvested annually in British Columbia alone.

Hemlock is a sustainable timber with a straight grain and a uniform texture, making it an ideal choice for external timber balustrades, timber deck balustrades, timber stair balustrades, and timber balustrade panels. Hemlock is also a versatile timber with the ability to be painted, stained, or left untreated for a natural look.

Vertical timber balustrades using hemlock are a popular choice due to their simplicity and clean lines. Hemlock balustrades can be installed with a variety of post and handrail options, allowing for customization to fit the style and design of the building.

Hemlock balustrades are also easy to maintain and can be cleaned with a damp cloth, making them a practical choice for busy homeowners or commercial properties. Overall, hemlock balustrades offer durability, affordability, and versatility, making them a popular choice for construction projects in Australia.

Mahogany Balustrade

Mahogany, with its rich color and beautiful grain, is a luxurious and elegant option for external timber installations, including balustrades, adding a touch of sophistication to any construction project. When it comes to timber balustrades, mahogany is a popular choice due to its durability, stability, and resistance to rotting and decay.

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To give you an idea of the versatility of mahogany balustrades, here are some types of mahogany balustrades commonly used in Australia:

  • Timber deck balustrade: This type of mahogany balustrade is perfect for outdoor decks as it can withstand harsh weather conditions and resist rotting or decay.
  • Timber wire balustrade: If you’re looking for a minimalist and modern look, a timber wire balustrade made from mahogany can provide a sleek and stylish finish to your project.
  • Timber balustrade panel: Mahogany balustrade panels offer a timeless and classic look to any construction project. They can be used both indoors and outdoors and are versatile enough to complement any design style.
  • Mahogany timber is also highly durable and resistant to rot and decay, making it a reliable choice for long-lasting and low-maintenance installations.

Pine Balustrade

The use of pine in balustrades is a cost-effective option that provides a natural and rustic aesthetic to external timber installations. Pine balustrades are popular because of their unique character and affordability. They are durable, easy to work with, and can be stained to match any decor. With proper care, a pine balustrade can last for many years.

A timber handrail in Sydney made of pine is a popular choice among homeowners and contractors alike. This type of balustrade is versatile and can be designed to suit any style of home.

Pine balusters can be used for the vertical timber batten balustrade, as well as for a timber glass balustrade for stairs. The use of pine in balustrades offers a cost-effective solution for those looking to add a touch of natural beauty to their home.

Merbau Balustrade

The Merbau Balustrade is a popular choice for external timber installations due to its durability and natural beauty, providing an elegant and timeless addition to any home.

Merbau is a hardwood species native to Southeast Asia, and it is known for its resistance to decay, insects, and weathering. This makes it an excellent option for exterior timber balustrade, as it can withstand the harsh Australian climate without losing its structural integrity or aesthetic appeal.

When it comes to design, Merbau Balustrade can be crafted in various styles, including timber balusters and vertical timber batten balustrade. The natural reddish-brown color of Merbau complements any architectural style, and it can be treated with oil or stain to enhance its natural beauty.

Overall, the Merbau Balustrade is a reliable and attractive option for homeowners who want a low-maintenance, long-lasting, and stylish balustrade for their outdoor spaces.

  • Natural durability and resistance to decay and insects
  • Timeless and elegant design
  • Complements any architectural style
  • Low-maintenance and long-lasting

Spotted Gum Balustrade

Spotted Gum Balustrade is a popular choice for homeowners seeking a durable and stylish option for their outdoor spaces. It is a type of modern timber balustrade that features a timber handrail external design and utilizes spotted gum handrails.

This timber is known for its unique blend of colors and grain patterns that provide a distinct natural beauty. It has a warm brown tone with occasional hints of gray and green that complement outdoor spaces and enhances the overall look of verandahs and stairs.

Apart from its aesthetic appeal, Spotted Gum Balustrade is also a practical choice. It is a highly durable material that can withstand harsh weather conditions and resist decay and termite attacks. Its strength and toughness make it an ideal choice for outdoor use, ensuring that the balustrade will last for many years with minimal maintenance.

Additionally, timber glass balustrade stairs are also an option for those who want a more modern look. Overall, Spotted Gum Balustrade is an excellent choice for homeowners who value both style and functionality in their outdoor spaces.

12 Types Of Timber Balustrade Available In Australia
Old hampton style wooden staircase with vintage railing indoors, covered with a carpet. Luxury carved wood interior in the palace. Rare architecture. copy space.

Jarrah Balustrade

Jarrah Balustrade is a highly sought-after option for outdoor spaces due to its unique reddish-brown hue and durability, making it a popular choice for homeowners seeking a practical and visually appealing solution.

This type of timber balustrade is typically made from the Jarrah tree, which is native to Western Australia and is known for its strength and resistance to decay.

Jarrah Balustrade is an ideal choice for exterior timber balustrade as it can withstand harsh weather conditions and is resistant to termites and other pests.

Timber handrail Sydney and timber verandah railings are often made from Jarrah Balustrade due to their strength and durability.

It is also a popular choice for decks and balconies as it can withstand high traffic and heavy use.

Jarrah Balustrade is also easy to maintain, requiring only occasional sanding and sealing to maintain its natural beauty.

Overall, Jarrah Balustrade is an excellent choice for homeowners seeking a durable, practical, and visually appealing option for their outdoor spaces.

Ironbark Balustrade

Ironbark is another popular type of timber used for balustrades in Australia. Known for its durability and resistance to rot and decay, ironbark is a great choice for outdoor balustrades that are exposed to the elements. It’s natural reddish-brown color also adds an attractive rustic charm to any space.

Ironbark balustrades can be designed in various styles, such as Merbau balustrade, timber balusters, timber and glass balustrade, and glass balustrade with timber handrails. Ironbark balustrades typically feature vertical balusters with a distinctive grain pattern that adds texture and depth to the overall design. The balusters can be spaced closely together for a more secure barrier or further apart for a more open and airy feel.

Ironbark is also a versatile material that can be shaped and carved into intricate designs, making it perfect for custom balustrades that require a unique touch. With its strength and natural beauty, ironbark is an excellent choice for anyone looking for a reliable and visually appealing balustrade solution.

Blackbutt Balustrade

Blackbutt timber is a highly sought-after material for balustrades due to its unique grain patterns, natural warmth, and ability to complement a variety of architectural styles. This type of timber is commonly used for outdoor balustrades, such as those found on decks and pergolas, as it is highly durable and resistant to decay and termites.

Additionally, Blackbutt timber is a popular choice for indoor balustrades as it can be easily stained or painted to match the desired interior design. When installing a Blackbutt timber balustrade, it is important to choose a suitable handrail that complements the natural beauty of the timber.

Stainless steel handrails are an excellent choice as they are strong, durable, and provide a modern touch to the balustrade. Moreover, Blackbutt timber is often used for decking, making it an ideal choice for those who want to create a cohesive look throughout their outdoor living space.

Finally, it is worth noting that the LOSP (light organic solvent preservative) treatment used on Blackbutt timber enhances its natural resistance to decay, making it a low-maintenance option for balustrades.

Brushbox Balustrade

Brushbox timber is a popular and durable material that is frequently utilized for creating stylish and long-lasting balustrades. It is a hardwood species that is native to Australia and is known for its beautiful grain patterns and warm color tones. The timber is highly resistant to wear and tear, making it an excellent choice for outdoor applications such as patio and staircase balustrades.

Craftsman Stairs offers various styles of Brushbox balustrades that can be customized to suit the design and decor of any space.

The ladies waist handrail is a popular choice, adding a touch of elegance and sophistication to any staircase. In addition, Craftsman Stairs offers a range of different balustrade designs, including classic and modern options, to suit a variety of tastes and preferences. When looking for a durable and visually appealing balustrade option, Brushbox timber is an excellent choice that is sure to impress.

Pros Cons
Highly resistant to wear and tear Can be more expensive than other timber options
Beautiful grain patterns and warm color tones Can be difficult to work with due to hardness
Long-lasting and durable Can be prone to splintering if not maintained properly

The table above outlines some of the pros and cons of using Brushbox timber for balustrades. While it may be more expensive than other timber options, its durability and beautiful appearance make it a worthwhile investment for those looking for a long-lasting and visually appealing balustrade.

However, it is important to note that Brushbox timber can be difficult to work with due to its hardness and can be prone to splintering if not maintained properly. Overall, Brushbox timber is an excellent choice for those looking for a high-quality and stylish balustrade option.

Grey Ironbark Balustrade

The use of Grey Ironbark as a material for creating balustrades offers a visually appealing and durable option for those seeking a high-quality and long-lasting addition to their space. Grey Ironbark is a premium Australian hardwood that is known for its strength, durability, and resistance to decay. It has a distinctive grain pattern with shades of gray and brown that add a unique character to any space.

Grey Ironbark balustrades are suitable for both indoor and outdoor use, making them a versatile option for homeowners and builders alike. It is a popular choice for staircases, decks, and balconies due to its natural resistance to termites and decay. Grey Ironbark is also fire-resistant, which makes it an ideal choice for buildings in bushfire-prone areas.

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Its durability and strength also make it an excellent choice for high-traffic areas, as it can withstand heavy use and provide long-lasting protection. Overall,

Grey Ironbark balustrades offer a combination of visual appeal, durability, and versatility that makes it a popular choice for those seeking a high-quality, long-lasting balustrade for their space.

Tallowwood Balustrade

Tallowwood, a premium Australian hardwood known for its durability and resistance to decay, offers a visually appealing and long-lasting option for those seeking to add a high-quality balustrade to their indoor or outdoor space.

It is a dense and heavy timber with a natural yellowish-brown color that can range from pale to dark. Tallowwood’s unique grain patterns and textures make it a popular choice for those who want to add a touch of natural elegance to their home or outdoor area.

Here are three reasons why Tallowwood is an excellent choice for balustrades:

  1. Durability: Tallowwood has a Class 1 durability rating, making it one of the most durable timbers in the world. This means that it can withstand harsh weather conditions, termites, and decay for many years without losing its strength or beauty.
  2. Low Maintenance: Tallowwood requires very little maintenance, making it a practical choice for those who don’t have the time or inclination to constantly maintain their balustrade. A simple clean with a mild detergent and water is all that is needed to keep it looking great.
  3. Versatility: Tallowwood can be used for both indoor and outdoor balustrades, as it is resistant to moisture and decay. It can also be stained or painted to match the existing décor of your space or left in its natural state for a rustic look.

Best Timber Handrails For External Stairs In Australia

This section explores the top options for timber handrails suitable for external staircases in Australia. When it comes to handrails for outdoor stairs, timber is a popular choice due to its natural beauty and durability. However, not all timber species are suitable for external use, as they can be prone to rot and decay. Therefore, it is important to choose timber species that are resistant to weathering and insect damage.

Craftsman Stairs offers a range of timber handrails that are ideal for external staircases in Australia. These include Spotted Gum, Blackbutt, and Merbau. Each of these species has its own unique characteristics and benefits. To help you choose the best option for your project, we have created a comparison table below that highlights the key features of each species.

Best Timber Handrails For Internal Stairs In Australia

For those looking to enhance the aesthetics of their indoor staircase, there are several top options available for timber handrails suitable for internal use in Australia.

One popular choice is Tasmanian Oak, which is known for its light, creamy-colored wood that adds a warm and inviting ambiance to any home. This timber is not only aesthetically pleasing but also durable, making it a long-lasting investment for homeowners. Tasmanian Oak can be easily stained or painted to match any décor style, making it a versatile option for those who want to customize their handrails.

Another great option for timber handrails for internal use is Blackbutt. This Australian hardwood is known for its beautiful blonde color and unique grain patterns. Blackbutt is a strong and durable timber that is resistant to decay and insect attacks, making it ideal for high-traffic areas like staircases. Its natural resistance to fire also makes it a safe choice for homeowners. Blackbutt can be finished with a clear varnish to showcase its natural beauty or can be stained to match any interior design style.

Overall, both Tasmanian Oak and Blackbutt are excellent options for timber handrails that will add both style and functionality to any indoor staircase.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the cost range for timber balustrades in Australia?

Timber balustrades are a popular choice for homeowners and builders in Australia due to their durability and aesthetic appeal. The cost range for timber balustrades can vary depending on factors such as the type of timber used, the length of the balustrade, and the complexity of the design.

On average, basic timber balustrades can cost anywhere from $200 to $400 per linear meter, while more intricate designs or higher quality timbers can cost upwards of $600 per linear meter. It is important to note that additional costs may also apply for installation and finishing.

When considering the cost of a timber balustrade, it is important to weigh the benefits of its durability and aesthetic appeal against the initial cost.

How long does it typically take to install a timber balustrade?

The installation time for a timber balustrade can vary depending on the complexity of the project. Typically, a professional contractor can complete the installation within a few days to a week. However, this timeline can be affected by factors such as the size of the project, the type of timber used, the design of the balustrade, and any additional features or customizations requested by the client.

It is important to note that the installation process should be done by a skilled professional who has experience working with timber balustrades to ensure that the final product is safe, secure, and meets all necessary building codes and standards.

Overall, the installation of a timber balustrade requires careful planning, attention to detail, and expert craftsmanship to achieve a high-quality finished product.

Are there any regulations or safety standards that need to be met when installing a timber balustrade in Australia?

Regulations and safety standards must be met when installing a timber balustrade in Australia. The Building Code of Australia (BCA) mandates that any balustrade must be a minimum height of 1 metre above the finished floor level, or 4 metres above a surface below.

The balusters, or vertical supports, must also be spaced no more than 125mm apart to prevent children from getting their heads stuck. Additionally, the strength of the balustrade must meet specific requirements to ensure the safety of the occupants.

These regulations are put in place to ensure that the installation of timber balustrades does not pose a threat to the safety of the building’s occupants. It is essential to consult with a professional to ensure that the timber balustrade installed meets all the necessary safety standards and regulations.

Can timber balustrades be customized to fit specific designs or style preferences?

Timber balustrades can be customized to fit specific design or style preferences. Craftsmen and manufacturers offer a wide variety of styles, finishes, and materials to choose from, allowing customers to create a unique and personalized look for their homes or businesses.

Some popular customization options include different types of wood, finishes, and decorative elements such as carvings or metal accents. Customers can also choose from a range of baluster styles, including traditional turned balusters, sleek and modern square balusters, and ornate balusters with intricate scrollwork.

With the help of skilled craftsmen and modern technology, timber balustrades can be tailored to suit any design aesthetic while still meeting safety standards and regulations.

Are there any maintenance requirements for timber balustrades in order to keep them in good condition?

Timber balustrades are a popular choice in many Australian homes due to their aesthetic appeal and durability. However, it is important to note that timber balustrades require regular maintenance in order to stay in good condition.

This includes cleaning, sanding, and resealing the timber every few years to prevent moisture damage and fading from UV exposure. Neglecting maintenance can lead to rot, warping, and other structural issues, which can compromise the safety of the balustrade.

It is recommended that homeowners consult with a professional to ensure that their timber balustrade is properly maintained and meets safety standards.

Conclusion

In conclusion, there are a plethora of options available when it comes to choosing timber balustrades for your stairs in Australia. From the classic elegance of Victorian balusters to the contemporary appeal of glass and steel, there is a style to suit any taste and budget. The key is to choose a design that not only complements the architecture of your home but also provides a safe and secure environment for your loved ones.

When selecting timber handrails for external stairs, it is important to consider the durability and weather-resistance of the material. Spotted Gum, Jarrah and Merbau are popular choices due to their natural resistance to rot, termites and weather.

For internal stairs, Blackbutt, Oak and Ash are recommended for their strength and versatility. Ultimately, the choice of timber balustrade comes down to personal preference and practicality. As the saying goes, ‘Beauty is in the eye of the beholder,’ and with the range of options available, there is sure to be a design that captures your imagination.

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